Gynecomastia, or frequently known as enlarged male breast, increases breast gland tissue in patients.

Reasons for Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is generally the result of the imbalance in the level of sex hormones.

Estrogen controls female characteristics like breast growth, whereas testosterone controls male characteristics, such as muscle mass and body hair. That being said, males produce a small amount of estrogen, and females produce a low testosterone amount. High estrogen levels or imbalanced testosterone levels in men cause gynecomastia.


Gynecomastia occurs naturally at different times during a male’s life. These phases are:

  • After Birth: Newborn boys are still under the effects of the estrogen they got from their mothers while developing in the womb. However, the gynecomastia disappears within a couple of weeks after birth.
  • At Puberty: Hormone levels change during pubescence. Breast enlargement often goes away six months to two years after the start of puberty.
  • At Mid-Life and Beyond: Breast enlargement frequently climaxes in men between the ages of 50 and 80. Approximately one in four men in this age range have breast enlargement.

Many other conditions causing gynecomastia are obesity, lack of proper nutrition, tumors in the testicles or adrenal glands, and liver disease. Nonetheless, certain drugs, such as diazepam, spironolactone, and anabolic steroids, can also cause gynecomastia.

Operation Details


If enlarged breasts are significant and disturbing even after initial treatment or observation, the surgeon may advise surgery. Three gynecomastia surgery options are:

In cases where gynecomastia is the result of excessive fat tissue, a liposuction technique can be used. Liposuction requires the insertion of a cannula through small incisions.

The cannula is moved in a controlled motion to loosen the excess fat, which is then removed from the body by vacuum suction.

The most appropriate liposuction method for your case will be defined by your surgeon.


When patients complain of gynecomastia, they usually complain about lumps in their breasts with or without excess fat in the breasts. Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the excess glandular breast tissue through an incision in the margin of the nipple-areolar complex and/or skin excision.

Mastectomy is recommended for enlarged breast tissue or excess skin removal to correct gynecomastia. Incision sizes vary depending on the specific conditions and surgical preference.

Liposuction & Mastectomy

Sometimes both liposuction and mastectomy may be used to treat gynecomastia to get the most beneficial results.

The surgeon removes the breast tissues with liposuction to eliminate the excess fat and the excess glandular breast tissue through an incision.


Operation Details
Can I Treat Gynecomastia with Chemical Medicines?

No. Medicines cannot treat Gynecomastia. Only surgical intervention is the best solution that guarantees to eliminate Gynecomastia with permanent results.

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Should I Use the Medical Corset After the Surgery?

Yes. You should wear the medical corset for a month after the surgery to get the desired result and prevent sagging.

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When Does the Chest Take Its Final Shape?

The chest takes its natural shape directly after the surgery, but a pool of liquids may occur bruises or swelling. These swellings disappear during the first month, and the chest takes its final shape after six months.

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Is It Possible That Gynecomastia Will Occur Again After Surgery?

Gynecomastia can occur again if there are hidden reasons behind it or fat increased in the body. But it is kind of rare that gynecomastia happens after the surgery.

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When Can I Get Back to Work After the Surgery?

Usually, people who work in offices can go back to work after 3 or 4 days. People who need physical activity in their jobs, especially if they need to move their arms a lot, can get back to work after a couple of weeks.Also, patients can do light exercises during the first month after the surgery as walking, but heavy sports that require so much effort can be done after the first month.

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How to Diagnose Gynecomastia?

You can diagnose gynecomastia by doing the necessary tests like blood tests and hormone tests. Sometimes it requires genetic tests such as BT, USG, or MR.

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Can I Eliminate Gynecomastia by Sport?

If the reason behind gynecomastia is increased fat, it can be treated well by sport. But if the reason is the increased size of breast tissue, sport is never enough.

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Why Consider Having Gynecomastia in Turkey?

Being one of the top destinations for medical tourism, Turkey has a booming, cost-effective, and high-end health and medical services industry. Completed with internationally accredited surgeons and experts with celebrity level reputations, a reliable infrastructure, and very affordable prices of Turkey’s health and medical services industry quickly offers very high-end services, high standards with very cost-competitive prices.

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